If…Else Statements | C#

Chelsea Cruise
2 min readJan 27, 2022
  • WHAT IT IS: If-Else statements allow you to create logic based on some conditions and they work very well with variables.
    - NOTE: If statements can only run inside of methods.
    - WHAT IS DOES: If-Else statements check a Boolean expression and execute the code based on if the expression is true or false.

A BREAKDOWN: The if part of the code executes when the value of the expression is true. The else part of the code is executed when the value of the expression is false

  • Use if to specify a block of code to be executed, if a specified condition is true
  • Use else to specify a block of code to be executed, if the same condition is false
  • Use else if to specify a new condition to test, if the first condition is false
  • Use switch to specify many alternative blocks of code to be executed

EXECUTION:
Use the if statement to specify a block of C# code to be executed if a condition is True.

if (condition) 
{
// block of code to be executed if the condition is True
}

Note that if is in lowercase letters. Uppercase letters (If or IF) will generate an error.

In the below example, we are testing to see if 20 is greater than 18. If it is true, print some text:

if (20 > 18) 
{
Console.WriteLine("20 is greater than 18");
}

Else Statement

Use the else statement to specify a block of code to be executed if the condition is False.

if (condition)
{
// block of code to be executed if the condition is True
}
else
{
// block of code to be executed if the condition is False
}

Execution:

int time = 20;
if (time < 18)
{
Console.WriteLine("Good day.");
}
else
{
Console.WriteLine("Good evening.");
}
// Outputs "Good evening."

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Chelsea Cruise

Unity Developer, Software Engineer, Game Designer, Graphic Artist